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Heart Valve Surgery

Heart Valve Expert In Bhopal | Heart Valve Surgery In Bhopal

What is Heart Valve Surgery?

Heart valve surgery is done to replace or repair heart valves that aren’t working correctly. Most valve replacements involve the aortic and mitral valves. The aortic valve separates the left ventricle (your heart’s main pumping chamber) and the aorta (the major artery that carries blood to your body). The mitral valve separates the left atrium from the left ventricle.

The four valves in your heart make sure that blood flows through your heart in the right direction. If a valve becomes diseased or damaged, it may need to be replaced with an artificial one like the mechanical valve.

What are the types of valve problems?

Heart valve problems make the heart work too hard. This can lead to heart failure. In some cases, valves:

  • Don’t open enough (stenosis).
  • Don’t let enough blood flow through (also called stenosis).
  • Don’t close properly and let blood leak where it shouldn’t. This is called incompetence, insufficiency or regurgitation.

Prolapse – mitral valve flaps don’t close properly (more common in women). As pressure builds inside the left ventricle, it pushes the mitral valve flap back into the left atrium, which may cause a small leak.

What causes valve problems?

  • A small birth defect that’s not repaired may get worse later in life and cause problems.
  • Aging can make valves weaken or harden.
  • Certain diseases can scar or destroy a valve.

What can be done?

  • Yearly check-ups with your doctor, living a healthy lifestyle, or medication may be all that’s needed.
  • In some cases, an operation may be needed to repair a damaged valve.
  • Sometimes the valve must be taken out and replaced with a new, artificial one. Ask your doctor about the different kinds used.

What is Valve surgery like?

With some heart valve problems, the best treatment is surgery. Your doctor will tell you more, but here are some things you can expect:

  • You’ll be asleep during the operation. It can take 3 to 5 hours.
  • After surgery, you’ll go to an intensive care unit (ICU).
  • Your family can visit you briefly in the ICU.